You might have received some information about your menstrual periods at the time of puberty and menopause. Many women think that their periods should be regular until menopause but this is not the case. Including pregnancy, illnesses and birth control pills, there are a number of reasons that may cause you unwanted disruption of menstrual cycle throughout your reproductive years.
Menstrual Cycle In 20s
When you are in your 20s, the hormonal disorder that comes with puberty has almost diminished. They turn out to be as balanced as they are going to be ever. Though there is no medically precise menstrual cycle, most women have a period of 32 days between their two menstrual period cycles. Menstrual periods during your 20s are likely to be predictable like clockwise especially if you use birth control pills.
This doesn’t necessarily mean that one has to be concerned if their periods aren’t regular. Your menstrual cycle is a complicated interaction among your reproductive system, hormones presented in the pituitary glands, thyroid and hypothalamus as well as the environment. Factors like poor diet, stress, anxiety, inadequate sleeping hour and amount of exercises can also influence your menstrual cycle.
There are some general signs that can be matter of concern, and should be addressed with professional help.
Physical & Mental Changes
Various causes like uterine fibroids, clinical depression or endometriosis can bring about different changes in your body and mood every time you receive your monthly period. If this happens consistently, it is recommended to see your doctor.
Discomfort during menstrual periods is normal but if the cramps or pain is consistent, severe, and not subsided despite taking painkillers such as ibuprofen, seek professional help to find out the underlying cause such as infection or scar tissue.
Heavy Menstrual Periods
Unusual heavy bleeding is a sign of an unusual body condition. If you are pregnant, then heavy period will normally indicate a miscarriage. However, if pregnancy isn’t the case, then thyroid, blood clotting disorder or endometrial cancer can be some of the possible causes of heavy menstrual bleeding.
Irregularity in menstrual periods like infrequent or missed periods can occur for several reasons. If you are sexually active and have missed your periods, the first thing you should do is to take a pregnancy test. Other causes can be excessive stress, workout and certain medications. If you are not pregnant and have gone more than three months without menstrual periods, see your doctor to find out the cause such as hormonal imbalance, hypothalamus, ovarian cysts and pituitary conditions.
Menstrual Cycle In 30s
Your body starts to produce less estrogen when you transit from your 20s to your 30s; and by the age of 35, you may find that the gap between your menstrual cycles has been shortened. Irregular and shorter periods with increased PMS symptoms can also be noticed. Some women will also notice heavier menstrual period with various bodily changes. Sometimes, these hormonal fluctuations referred to early signs of per-menopause or time around menopause.
Gradually declining estrogen levels also affect your fertility in your 30s. You may undergo some changes associated with menopause such as the drying and thinning of vaginal tissues, increased body fat around the waistline, night sweats, hot flashes and breast tenderness. You may experience these signs for 12 to 15 years before your last menstrual periods. An eight percent of women stop having their menstrual periods in late 30s while other will experience more severe body changes during per-menopause than menopause itself.
If hormonal changes severely bother you, then the first thing you should consider is changing your lifestyle in order to ease the symptoms. Eat well, do moderate workout, reduce your stress levels and get adequate rest to make these symptoms manageable. If this doesn’t work, you may like to seek professional help to rule out if hormone therapy or estrogen replacement therapy will work to solve the problem.
In addition, Some women may experience certain heart problems during their premenopausal years such as skipped heart beats or rapid heart fluttering. If you experience any of these symptoms, see your doctor immediately to find out the underlying problem.
Menstrual Cycle In 40s
Most women undergo body changes associated with per-menopause 6 to 10 years before they stop receiving menstrual periods in their late 40s. Ovulation happens infrequently and fertility continues to go on declining side. Depending on various factors such as your family history, you may or may not stop having periods during this period of your life.
Some women take their transition from the menstrual period to post-menopausal years as a relief. Remember, body changes are inevitable but it’s certainly not inevitable to experience physical or emotional changes because of abovementioned transitions. You should keep track of when your menstrual periods start and end every month in addition to know the changes in your body rhythm. This way you can better notice something unusual in your body and discuss it with your doctor.